Third Generation
Family of John JARRETT II (2) & Sarah REID
8. Ann JARRETT (John2, Herbert Newton1). Born in 1771 in probably Jamaica. Ann died in Freemantle House, Hampshire, on 1 Sep 1791; she was 20. Buried in Crawley Parish Church, Hampshire.
In 1790 when Ann was 19, she married Richard MEYLER, son of Jeremiah MEYLER & Ann WILLIAMS. Born on 5 Sep 1766. Richard died in at sea, in 1806; he was 39. Occupation: High Sheriff of Hampshire, 1798. Residence/Property: Crawley House, Hampshire; Grosvenor Square, London.
They had one child:
46i.
Richard William MP (1791-1818)


Ann Jarrett and her sister Mary Noble were twins. According to WJK, the sisters “were so alike that when at school in London [the Queen’s Square School], one of them had to wear a coloured bow as a distinguishing mark.”

Just a year after she was married, Ann Jarrett “gave birth to her first and only child, Richard. This event took place at the residence of her father, Freemantle House, Southampton, from which she did not recover, and died there [just under two months later].”

Her husband, Richard Meyler, who also had properties in Jamaica, never remarried. A few years later, he “went to the West Indies, as the income from his estates in Jamaica had been falling off, and he had gone out there to examine personally into the matter.

“After doing this, he decided to return home in one of his own ships, and not to wait for convoy. He was strongly advised against this course, it being in the time of war with France, especially as he was taking home large sums of money collected from his estates.

“On the vessel reaching England, he was reported by the captain as having died on the voyage, and it was found that the money brought home was inconsiderable. This gave rise to the surmise that all had not been fair play. The matter, however, appears never to have been cleared up.”

An intriguing speculation: certain aspects of Richard Meyler’s story put one in mind of Sir Thomas Bertram in Jane Austen’s Mansfield Park, written and published only a few years later in 1812 to 1814. At that time, Jane Austen at Chawton was a Hampshire neighbour of the Meylers and is likely to have known or known of them. Could this story have served as some kind of inspiration?
9. Mary Noble JARRETT (John2, Herbert Newton1). Born in 1771 in probably Jamaica. Mary Noble died in Royal Hotel, Southampton, on 6 Feb 1863; she was 92.
Ca 1790 when Mary Noble was 19, she married John ASHTON. John died on 10 Nov 1814 in Grosvenor Square, London. Buried in Crawley Parish Church, Hampshire. Residence/Property: Hefferstone Grange, Weaverham, Cheshire.
They had the following children:
47i.
Mary Ann (1791-1866)
48ii.
Harriet (1792-)
49iii.
John (1795-1815)
50iv.
51v.
William (1797-)
52vi.
Richard (1799-1872)
53vii.
54viii.
Julia Alice (1807-1892)


Mary Noble Jarrett’s husband, John Ashton of Hefferstone (or Hefferston) Grange, came from an old Cheshire family and included the biblical commentator, the Rev. Matthew Henry (1662-1714), among his forebears.

WJK: In 1814, Mary Noble Jarrett “had the great misfortune to lose her husband ... at the early age of 49. ... [A year later, she] had another severe affliction in the loss of her eldest son, Captain John Ashton of the 3rd Guards, who was killed at the Battle of Waterloo.”

When news of Waterloo reached London, Mrs Ashton “was either staying on a visit or else living with her mother, Mrs Jarrett, in Queen Anne Street, London. All the houses were preparing to illuminate for the glorious victory. His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, who was on very friendly terms with the Ashtons, having stood as godfather to their daughter, Frederica Ashton, rode up the the house himself, instead of sending an aide-de-camp, and said this house must not be illuminated. It was His Royal Highness who broke the fatal intelligence [of her son’s death] to Mrs Ashton. ...

“The following anecdote may be somewhat characteristic of Mrs Ashton. When [WJK’s] mother, Mrs William Mitchell Kerr, was introduced in 1838 to Mrs Ashton, that lady greeted her thus: ‘So you are Moses’ wife! Well, I like the look of you. If you make him a good wife, I shall love you, but if you do not, I shall hate you!! You may now kiss me, my dear.’” (Moses was William Mitchell Kerr’s family nickname.)

“... the last time [WJK] had the pleasure of seeing [Mrs Ashton] was in London in 1862. She was a tall old lady with silvery hair and somewhat bent, very kind in her manner. ... [She] died at the Royal Hotel, Above Bar, Southampton, from an attack of bronchitis, after four days’ illness.”16

Both Mary Noble Ashton and her sister Sarah Berners lived into their nineties. And so these two women (one of whom lost a son at Waterloo) were born in Jamaica in the 1770s, the decade of the United States’ Declaration of Independence, and died in England in the 1860s - the decade in which the American Civil War was fought, Gladstone first became British Prime Minister, Alfred Nobel created dynamite, Dmitri Mendeleev developed the modern periodic table, Lewis Carroll published Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Tolstoy published War and Peace, Dostoevsky published Crime and Punishment and in Paris the Impressionists were exhibiting their early works.
10. Alice [or Cilicia] JARRETT (John2, Herbert Newton1). Born in 1773. Alice [or Cilicia] died on 17 Apr 1794; she was 21.


Alice Jarrett died young, some time after 1790. She and her sister Sarah were another set of twins.
11. Sarah JARRETT (John2, Herbert Newton1). Born in 1773. Sarah died on 10 Feb 1867; she was 94.
On 8 Jul 1799 when Sarah was 26, she married Ven. Henry Denny BERNERS, son of Charles BERNERS of Woolverstone Park, Suffolk & Katherine LAROCHE, in Millbrook, near Southampton. Born on 18 Sep 1769. Henry Denny died in Jan 1852; he was 82. Occupation: Rector of Erwarton, Suffolk; Archdeacon of Suffolk. Residence/Property: Woolverstone Park, Suffolk.
They had the following children:
55i.
John (1800-1886)
56ii.
Captain Hugh RN (1801-1891)
57iii.
Rev. Ralph (1803-1853)
58iv.
Alicia (1804-1820)


WJK: “The Rev. H.D. Berners, on the death of his [older, unmarried] brother, succeeded to the estate of Woolverstone Park [or Hall in Suffolk]. He also became Archdeacon of Suffolk.”

His inheritance was one of the finest country houses in Suffolk, a few miles south-east of Ipswich, described by Pevsner as a “large, formal mansion, beautifully situated with wide views along the estuary of the Orwell”.

It was the Berners family who developed Berners Street, off Oxford Street in London. Henry Denny Berners’ great great great grandfather, Josias Berners, was an enthusiastic Parliamentarian during the Civil War, who bought the land off what is now Oxford Street in 1654, during the rule of his fellow East Anglian, Oliver Cromwell. His great-grandson, William Berners (Henry Denny’s grandfather), developed the land, starting in 1746.

William Berners also commissioned the London architect John Johnson to design Woolverstone Park, which was completed in 1776. A few years later, in the 1780s, the writer and economist Arthur Young visited Woolverstone during a tour of Suffolk and wrote the following slightly contorted description:

“Viewed Woolverston [sic], the very elegant seat of Mr. Berners. The spot on which the house is situated, is very happily chosen for commanding, from the upper stories, the views of the magnificent scenery of the Orwell. The wood is old and very fine, and unites from its thickness into masses of deep shade, that fringe the lawn, and make the finest shore imaginable, especially as the venerable oaks grow chiefly on the declivity, so that their umbrageous heads form the immediate separation of the water, which opens to the eye, every where broken by groups of trees, and intermingling with the woody shores in the happiest stile.”

The same William Berners married Mary Bendysh, a descendant of Oliver Cromwell. So the Berners who married the Jarretts had the blood of Cromwell in their veins. They also claimed descent from a Norman knight called Hugo de Berners.

The Berners stayed at Woolverstone until the mid-20th century, after which it became an experimental boarding school, run by the London County Council - the novelist Ian McEwan was a pupil there. It now belongs to the Ipswich High School for Girls.
12. Rachel Allen JARRETT (John2, Herbert Newton1). Born in 1777. Rachel Allen died in Clifton, Bristol, on 2 May 1853; she was 76. Buried in Camerton Church, Somerset.
On 10 Jan 1797 when Rachel Allen was 20, she married William BERNERS, son of Charles BERNERS of Woolverstone Park, Suffolk & Katherine LAROCHE. Born in 1771. William died in 1841; he was 70. Occupation: Banker in London.17
They had the following children:
59i.
William (-1855)
60ii.
61iii.
Arthur (1803-)
62iv.
Katherine (-ca1891)


Rachel Allen Jarrett lived latterly in Clifton, Bristol. WJK knew her when he was a schoolboy near Clifton and apparently spent “many a happy half holiday ... at her house”.

Her husband, William Berners, “was in command of the Chestnut Battery, Royal Horse Artillery, and retired on full pay in 1846”.
13. Herbert Newton JARRETT IV (John2, Herbert Newton1). Born in 1780. Herbert Newton died in Madeira on 13 Aug 1811; he was 31. Buried in Crawley Parish Church, Hampshire. Residence/Property: Grove Place, Hampshire; Cavendish Square, London.
In 1801 when Herbert Newton was 21, he married Anne STEPHENS, daughter of James STEPHENS of Hinton on the Green, Gloucestershire, and Camerton, Somerset & Elizabeth Paterson WALLEN. Born in 1782. Anne died on 18 Jul 1830; she was 48. Buried in Camerton Church, Somerset. Residence/Property: Camerton House, Somerset.
They had the following children:
63i.
John III JP, DL (1802-1863)
64ii.
Anne (1804-1885)
65iii.
Stephen (1805-1855)
66iv.
Mary (1807-1811)


Herbert Newton Jarrett IV’s wife, Anne Stephens, was the only child and heiress of James Stephens of Camerton in Somerset, which is how Camerton came into the Jarrett family. According to WJK, the Stephens were of Huguenot origin. They “fled from France after the massacre of St Bartholomew, and settled in Scotland, from whence they migrated to the County of Somerset.” There was a Jamaican connection, too - Anne Stephens’ mother, Elizabeth Paterson Wallen, came from a Jamaican family.

Herbert Newton Jarrett never lived at Camerton, presumably because his father-in-law was still alive. Instead, he rented “Grove Place in the parish of Nursling, near Romsey, Hants ... a fine old residence, ... approached by a noble avenue of trees. Tradition tells us that it had been at one time used by Queen Elizabeth as a ‘hunting box’, and the avenue still bears the name of that queen.18

“The River Test flows not far from here, and it has been said that a favourite amusement of Mr H.N. Jarrett was that of fishing from a boat with a ‘cast net’, which he was very proficient in throwing. He must also have been fond of fox hunting, as the Compiler often heard his father speak of a favourite hunter belonging to his cousin, called Paddy.

“Mr H.N. Jarrett ... must have been a man of delicate constitution, for we find that in the winter of 1811, he had taken a trip with his wife to the island of Madeira for the benefit of his health, and he died there on 13 August of that year. His body was brought home for interment ...” This was a sad year for the family, as earlier, in March, the youngest child, Mary, had also died.

Seven years later, after her father’s death, Anne Stephens moved to Camerton - not the present Camerton Court, but an earlier Manor House. She was the Mrs Jarrett (“the flippant Lady of the Manor”, in Virginia Woolf’s words) whose peacocks - among a number of other things - caused distress to the highly strung rector of Camerton and diarist, the Rev. John Skinner. See Virginia Woolf’s essay, “Two Parsons”.

The portrait of him in Swedish court dress is by the Swedish painter Carl Frederik von Breda. It was painted around 1800, so when Herbert Newton was about twenty.
14. Frances JARRETT (John2, Herbert Newton1). Born ca 1789.
On 14 Apr 1810 when Frances was 21, she married Henry Fitzwilliam BERNARD, son of Richard FITZWILLIAM 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion & Anne BERNARD, in St George’s Church, Hanover Square, London.19 Born ca 1789. Residence/Property: Richmond, Surrey.
They had the following children:
67i.
68ii.


According to WJK, the Bernards lived chiefly in Paris. He also writes that he was not “able to gather any information regarding this lady [Frances Jarrett]”. And so a certain mystery attaches itself to her and her husband.

The wonders of Google helped to shed some light on the mystery. It transpires that Henry Fitzwilliam Bernard was the natural (illegitimate) son of Richard, 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion and his French lover, the ballet dancer Anne Bernard, whose stage name was Mademoiselle Zacharie. 20,21 Lord Fitzwilliam was a great connoisseur - his collection of books, paintings, prints, drawings and illuminated manuscripts became the nucleus of the collection of the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge - and a francophile. He met and fell in love with Anne Bernard in Paris in the early 1780s. The liaison lasted many years and Henry Fitzwilliam Bernard was one of their three children. In his will, Lord Fitzwilliam leaves his son Henry an annuity of £300 a year, but is much more generous to Frances, who gets over £1000 a year “during the term of her natural life”.
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