Fourth Generation (Continued)
Family of Herbert Newton Jarrett KERR (23) & Marcella RICHARDSON
84. David KERR II (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born on 9 Jun 1817 in Balguy, Dundee, Scotland. David died in 21 Warriston Crescent, Edinburgh, on 14 Dec 1880; he was 63.
On 19 Jan 1842 when David was 24, he married Frances Maria HOLMES, daughter of Alexander HOLMES & Maria GIBBON, in Montego Bay Parish Church, Jamaica. Born in 1823 in St George’s, Bermuda. Frances Maria died on 5 Dec 1905; she was 82.
They had the following children:
Herbert Jarrett II (1842-1848)
Alexander Campbell (1844-1848)
David III (1846-1862)
Marcella (1847-1877)
William Louis (1853-1913)
Charles Richardson (1854-1855)

When David Kerr was about 17, he went out from Scotland to Jamaica with his younger brother, William (below). By then the abolition of slavery was on its way, and that would have removed many of their father’s objections to the “manners and customs of the island”. Their uncle, William Mitchell Kerr, was still living there and would have taken care of them on their arrival.

Because their father seems to have sold much of his property in Jamaica, the two young men were starting again pretty much from scratch. According to one source22, they had to learn their trade from the bottom up, serving “as bookkeepers, [and] working their way up on various sugar estates. A bookkeeper had to walk to do his work - riding a horse or mule was reserved for the busha (overseer). This was quite a contrast to their life in Scotland.” It wouldn’t have lasted too long, however, because shortly after their arrival, William Mitchell Kerr left Jamaica and retired to Britain. They inherited his attorneyships (management) of the various Jarrett estates, which would have given them a steady income. By 1842, the newly married David Kerr was living at Kent in Trelawny (which belonged to the Camerton Jarretts), and his first children were born there. Later, he and his growing family moved to Orange Valley (which belonged to the Bathampton Jarretts). In 1851, he was appointed a Justice of the Peace and Assistant Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Trelawny, so by then he clearly had an established position in the community.

According to the same source (above): “In the course of time, [the brothers] bought Logwood Valley estate and renamed it Phoenix - to signify the resurrection of the family in Jamaica.32 They had no capital but paid for the purchase by selling off lots, which are now part of the village of Wakefield. This showed flexibility and ingenuity. It must have been one of the first sub-divisions in Jamaica.”

Of the two brothers, David was apparently the less able as a planter. According to WJK, his inclinations, like those of his grandfather and namesake, were more towards “soldiering and he joined the Trelawny Regiment of Jamaica Militia”. WJK continues that “about the years 1856-7 [when David Kerr was around 40], he left Jamaica with his wife and family, owing to ill health”. In fact, family tradition has it that David’s (childless) brother, William, sent him back to Scotland “to bring up his children.”22 WJK writes of David Kerr that “he was fairly successful [as a planter] and made a competency for himself”.

The family settled in Edinburgh, at 21 Warriston Crescent, where David Kerr resumed his part-time soldiering, ending up as a major in the Edinburgh Rifle Volunteer Corps. He died in Warriston Crescent in 1880, and shortly afterwards his widow returned to Jamaica, where she lived at Phoenix until her death 25 years later.
85. Sarah KERR (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born in Aug 1817 in St Ann’s Cottage, Brechin, Scotland. Sarah died on 9 Nov 1818; she was 1.
86. Hon. William KERR (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born on 9 Nov 1819 in St Ann’s Cottage, Brechin, Scotland. William died in London on 28 Dec 1898; he was 79. Buried in Brighton Cemetery.
William first married Eliza Louisa HOLMES, daughter of Alexander HOLMES & Maria GIBBON, in Jamaica. Born in 1821 in St George’s, Bermuda. Eliza Louisa died in 21 Warriston Crescent, Edinburgh, on 10 Feb 1881; she was 60. Buried in Warriston Cemetery, Edinburgh.
They had no children.

Eliza Louisa Holmes and Frances Maria Holmes, wife of David Kerr (above), were sisters. WJK comments of Eliza Louisa that she “was a lady very much respected and liked”. When cholera broke out in Jamaica in 1851, she and her husband “did all that was possible to alleviate ... [the] sufferings” of those who succumbed to the disease, in spite of which “a very large number of them died”. She and her husband “made frequent visits home [to Scotland] and on the last occasion Eliza Louisa ... died at 21 Warriston Crescent, Edinburgh”, the home of David Kerr and his family.
William second married Louisa Grace CAMPBELL. Louisa Grace died on 23 Sep 1894 in Brighton, Sussex. Buried in Brighton Cemetery.
They had no children.

WJK: “William Kerr ... was very successful as a planter and breeder of cattle, and a man of considerable influence in his district. At one time, he was a member of the Governor’s Council, which entitled him to the prefix Honourable to his name.”

Around 1834, when William Kerr would have been 15, he and his elder brother, David Kerr, “went out to Jamaica to their uncle, William Mitchell Kerr ...” Starting fairly near the bottom of the sugar planting ladder, the two brother gradually re-established the Kerr family fortunes in Jamaica, becoming attorneys (managers) for the Jarrett estates after William Mitchell Kerr’s retirement, and then buying Phoenix Estate (see David Kerr, above). Of the two brothers, “Great Uncle Willie” was clearly the one with the drive and eventually David returned to Scotland to bring up his family there. A few years after that, around 1860, William bought Greenwood Estate, a former Barrett property, with one of Jamaica’s finest great houses, where he lived from then on. Some time after 1877, he and his two nephews, Herbert Jarrett Kerr and William Louis Kerr (David’s sons, who had by now joined their uncle in Jamaica), bought Orange Valley and Hacton Pen from their cousin Charles Berners Jarrett.

William Kerr was also a captain in the Cornwall Regiment of Horse Militia, a Justice of the Peace first in Trelawny and then, after his move to Greenwood, in St James. From 1870, he was Custos (chief magistrate and governor’s representative) of St James.33 In 1882, he was involved in an affair of which I know nothing and would like to know more, since it sounds interesting. According to a resolution of condolence sent by the St James Parochial Board to his nephew, Herbert Jarrett Kerr, following his death: the Hon. William Kerr “served as Member of the Legislative Council of Jamaica, of which he was one of the ever-memorable Six, who, by resigning their seats in a body, on 9 November 1882, in consequence of the passing of a resolution by the votes of the Official members to pay the costs in suit for the seizure of the Florence [a ship?] by the Executive, hastened the consummation of the semi-representative government, which we now enjoy.”

After his first wife’s death, William Kerr “secondly married Louisa Grace Campbell” during a visit to Britain, and “she went out with him to Jamaica”. She died in Brighton during a later visit, after which William Kerr went back to Jamaica. He himself died in London during yet another visit to Britain. “His death was the result of an accident. He was knocked down by a man on a bicycle ...” He fractured his thigh bone, and “the shock to his system was more than he could bear”.
87. Herbert Jarrett KERR I (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born on 5 Mar 1821 in St Ann’s Cottage, Brechin, Scotland. Herbert Jarrett died in India.

WJK: “Herbert Jarrett Kerr ... went out to India at an early age and died there, date unknown.”
88. Thomas Richardson KERR (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born on 24 Oct 1822 in St Ann’s Cottage, Brechin, Scotland. Thomas Richardson died in Nantes, France, in 1908; he was 85.
On 23 Oct 1865 when Thomas Richardson was 42, he married Sara HARDOUIN, daughter of T. HARDOUIN of Nantes, France. Born in 1833. Sara died in 1917; she was 84.
They had the following children:
William (1866-)
Helen (1868-1949)
Sarah Lucy (1872-)

WJK: “At an early age Thomas Richardson Kerr was in a merchant’s office in London. He afterwards went out to Singapore, to Messrs Chalmers, Guthrie & Co, and was there some few years ... [Then] he went to India to a Mr Wise, an old friend of the family [see Sarah Newton Jarrett], and with him learned the business of an indigo planter, in which he was fairly successful.

“During the Indian Mutiny [of] 1857-8, some mutineers attacked the village and factory [where Thomas Richardson Kerr was based]. With great gallantry, he headed the loyal natives and those employed in the factory and repulsed the attack. For this, he was entitled to the Indian War Medal, but I doubt if he ever got it, being of too modest and retiring nature to sound his own praises and make application for it.”

In 1865, after returning to Europe, he married his brother Dugald Campbell Kerr’s widow, Sara (née Hardouin), and went to live “in Nantes, France, and died at his residence [at] 4 rue Racine ...”
89. Frances Richardson KERR (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born on 31 Oct 1824 in St Ann’s Cottage, Brechin, Scotland. Frances Richardson died on 9 Apr 1896; she was 71.
On 26 Oct 1865 when Frances Richardson was 40, she married Robert GORDON, son of Robert GORDON. Robert died on 23 Jun 1883.
They had no children.

WJK: Frances Richardson Kerr “was, as her mother, a Roman Catholic in religion”. Her husband, Robert Gordon, “was of the same religion as herself and of a kind and hospitable disposition.” They lived in the Grange, Edinburgh, where Robert Gordon “died on 23 June 1883 and his widow ... died very suddenly in the same house on 9 April 1896. “She was ... of a very lively and affectionate disposition and a great favourite with her numerous friends.”
90. John Lawrenson KERR (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born on 17 Mar 1827 in St Ann’s Cottage, Brechin, Scotland. John Lawrenson died in 40 Inverleith Row, Edinburgh, on 23 Jul 1855; he was 28. Buried in Warriston Cemetery, Edinburgh.

John Lawrenson Kerr was named after Colonel John Lawrenson of Inverighty, husband of Margaret Simson, his father’s first cousin on the Kerr side. According to WJK, he “was by profession a civil engineer and thought very highly of by his employers as a clever and rising man. He caught cold when at work in Ireland. This caused severe inflammation of the lungs from which he did not recover, and he died unmarried ... at the residence of his father, 40 Inverleith Row, Edinburgh ...”
91. Dugald Campbell KERR (Herbert Newton Jarrett3, Sarah Newton JARRETT2, Herbert Newton1). Born on 27 Nov 1830 in St Ann’s Cottage, Brechin, Scotland. Dugald Campbell died in Nantes, France, on 28 Dec 1858; he was 28.
On 18 Sep 1856 when Dugald Campbell was 25, he married Sara HARDOUIN, daughter of T. HARDOUIN of Nantes, France. Born in 1833. Sara died in 1917; she was 84.
They had one child:
Edouard Herbert (1858-1920)

WJK: “Dugald Campbell Kerr was in an accountant’s office in Edinburgh for some years. He afterwards went to Nantes, France, and was in a mercantile house in that city.” Presumably, it was the Richardsons, his mother’s family, who helped him to get the job in Nantes, and it must have been in Nantes that he met his wife, Sara Hardouin. Even though he died so young (at 25), Dugald Campbell Kerr is the forebear of the numerous French Kerrs - “le clan Kerr”.
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